Construction of Low-Cracking High-Performance Bridge Decks Incorporating New Technology: Phase II

Project Details









David Behzadpour, Alireza Bahadori, David Darwin, Matthew O'Reilly, Mohsen Salavati Khoshghalb


Kansas Department of Transportation, Minnesota Department of Transportation


Bridge decks, Construction management, Cracking, Fracture mechanics, high performance concrete, Internal curing, Internally Cured Low-Cracking High-Performance Concrete, Lightweight Aggregate

Project description

The construction, crack surveys, and evaluation of 12 bridge decks with internal curing provided by prewetted fine lightweight aggregate and supplementary cementitious materials following internally cured low-cracking highperformance concrete (IC-LC-HPC) specifications of Minnesota or Kansas are described, as well as those from two associated Control decks without IC (MN-Control). Nine IC-LC-HPC decks and one Control deck were monolithic, while three IC-LC-HPC decks and one Control deck had an overlay. The internally cured low-cracking high-performance concrete had paste contents between 23.8 and 25.8 percent by volume. Of the 12 IC-LC-HPC decks, nine were constructed in Minnesota between 2016 and 2020, and three were constructed in Kansas between 2019 and 2021. The performance of the decks is compared with that of earlier IC-LC-HPC bridge decks and low-cracking high-performance concrete (LC-HPC) bridge decks without internal curing. The effects of construction practices on cracking are addressed. The results indicate that the use of overlays on bridge decks is not beneficial in mitigating cracking. The IC-LC-HPC decks constructed exhibited lower average crack densities than those without internal curing. Good construction practices are needed for low-cracking decks. If poor construction practices, which may include poor consolidation and disturbance of concrete after consolidation, over-finishing, delayed application of wet curing, are employed, even decks with low paste contents and internal curing can exhibit high cracking. Delayed curing and over-finishing can also result in scaling damage to bridge decks.