Evaluation of Bagasse Ash as Cement and Sand Replacement for the Production of Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC)

Project Details









Gabriel A. Arce, Marwa M. Hassan, Sujata Subedi, Ana Rivas, Samantha Hidalgo, Hugo Eguez




Ash content, Cement, Composite materials, Concrete, Durability, Evaluation, Mix design, Pavements, Repairing

Project description

The objective of this study was to develop novel Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) materials implementing sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA). To this end, the effects on the mechanical and physical properties of ECC materials of: (1) Louisiana raw SCBA (RBA) as a partial and complete replacement of sand (i.e., class S mixtures); (2) Louisiana postprocessed SCBA (PBA) as a partial replacement of cement (i.e., class C mixtures); and (3) Ecuador raw SCBA (EBA) as a partial and complete replacement of sand (i.e., class S-E mixtures) were studied. Sand replacement levels with RBA and EBA evaluated were 25, 50, 75, and 100% (by volume), while cement replacement levels with PBA studied were 40, 50, and 60% (by mass). RBA and EBA were subjected to minor processing by drying and sieving to remove moisture and coarse impurities. On the other hand, PBA was produced by further processing of RBA through burning and grinding. RBA and EBA were mainly composed of silica; yet, presented high carbon content and large particle size relative to cement. Conversely, PBA exhibited low carbon content and small particle size. Tests conducted for class S and class C mixtures included compressive strength, uniaxial tensile, surface resistivity, shrinkage, coefficient of thermal expansion, and slant shear tests. In the case of S-E mixtures, tests conducted included compressive strength and flexural strength tests. The use of RBA as sand replacement caused minor reductions in the compressive strength of ECC (up to 11%), yet it produced a dramatic improvement in the tensile ductility (up to 311%). Moreover, the tensile strength of all RBA admixed ECC also improved (up to 22.3%). Implementation of RBA also produced a decrease in surface resistivity and an increase in shrinkage. For class S-E mixtures, the implementation of EBA as sand replacement produced an increase in compressive strength and flexural strength. For class C mixtures, the implementation of PBA as cement replacement produced significant reductions in compressive strength (up to 39.1%) and tensile strength (up to 28.1%). Nevertheless, it increased the tensile ductility of the composites (up to 85%). Furthermore, the surface resistivity and shrinkage of PBA admixed ECC increased with the increment in cement replacement with PBA.