Lin, Shibin; Meng, Dewei; Choi, Hajin; Shams, Sadegh; Azari, Hoda
bridge decks, concrete pavements, laboratory studies, nondestructive tests, overlays (pavements)
Overlay systems have been extensively used to extend the service life of concrete bridge decks. There is, however, a lack of systematic studies on nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of concrete bridge decks with various overlays. This study assesses nine NDE methods for evaluation of concrete bridge decks with seven different types of overlays through laboratory concrete specimens. The nine NDE methods are sounding, ultrasonic surface waves (USW), impact echo (IE), ultrasonic testing (UT), impulse response (IR), ground-penetrating radar (GPR), electrical resistivity (ER), half-cell potential (HCP), and infrared thermography (IRT). The seven types of overlays are epoxy, latex modified concrete, silica fume modified concrete, polyester polymer, asphalt with a liquid membrane, asphalt with a sheet membrane, and asphalt without a membrane. Eight concrete specimens with various defects were built and nondestructively evaluated to acquire the detailed information of all embedded defects before placing overlays. One concrete specimen was kept bare as a reference, and the other seven specimens were covered with seven different overlays, respectively. Half of each overlay was bonded to the underlying concrete specimens, whereas the other half was debonded. NDE tests were carried out on the top of overlays.