The Effect of Using Low Fines Content Sand on the Fresh and Hardened Properties of Roller-Compacted Concrete Pavement

Project Details





Mohammad Hashemi, Payam Shafigh, Mehdi Abbasi, Iman Asadi


Elsevier Ltd.


Coarse aggregates, Fine aggregates, Mechanical properties, Porosity, Roller compacted concrete pavements, sand, Tensile strength

Project description

Aggregate gradation is one of the most important property that influence the behaviour of roller-compacted concrete pavement (RCCP). There are some limitations for gradation of coarse and fine aggregates from the standards. Based on the ACI 211.3R, the content of sand size less than 75 micrometres should be between 2% to 8% of the total aggregates. To study the effectiveness of using a nonstandard sand (a sand with a gradation out of the specified restrictions) on the properties of RCCP, three types of sand with a difference in very fine particles content were used. The sands used are: 1) standard sand, 2) modified sands containing about 6% limestone powder, and 3) a low fines content sand containing <1% very fine particles. Two types of RCCP containing 12% and 15% cement were used as control mix. The results show that using low fines content sand or limestone modified sand instead of standard sand in RCCP increased Vebe time. The use of low fines content sand in RCCP did not have significant effect on the compressive, splitting tensile and flexural tensile strengths. However, the use of limestone modified sand in the RCCP significantly reduced the mechanical properties. RCCP was made of low fines content sand had more porosity than RCCP with standard sand. It can be concluded from test results that sand with lack in very fine particles can be used in RCCP.