The Use of Resistivity Testing for Quality Control of Concrete Mixtures

Project Details









Julie Ann Hartell




Admixtures, Concrete, Concrete construction, Mix design, Pavement design, Resistivity method

Project description

This study proposes a new quality control and compliance method for concrete mixture design using standard surface resistivity testing. This method helps in determining key mixture parameters such as fly ash content and w/cm of placed concrete. Based on the gain in resistivity over time, it was found that the slope of the surface resistivity versus time curve could be used to differentiate fly ash content. And, the resistivity value obtained at a sample age of 14 and 28 days could be used for identifying the water-to-cementitious material ratio of a concrete mixture containing no fly ash and containing up to 20% fly ash. Several other parameters such as, aggregate type and admixture addition are also evaluated for their effect on the outcome of a resistivity test. The proposed resistivity method could be used as a means for quality acceptance of mixture design during the construction stage. Three methodologies (Procedure A, B and C) for OkDOT Classes A and AA concrete mixtures are developed and trialed as part of a field study. In addition, the influence of laboratory ambient temperature and curing temperature was also investigated. It was found that if resistivity testing is performed in a standard temperature-controlled environment, resistivity variances are negligible. Finally, with all quality control material testing, an alternative test method is investigated in the event the primary lab specimen fails to meet the specification. The secondary compliance testing method targets the adequacy of concrete constructed onsite. In the end, the outcomes of the project can aid a DOT in devising a strategy for implementation of the resistivity method. The new tool enables control of placed concrete with respect to the approved mixture design.